By Giampiero Ausili Cefaro, Carlos A. Perez, Domenico Genovesi, Annamaria Vinciguerra
From the reviews:
"This is a concise consultant to radiological definitions of lymph node teams for radiation therapy making plans. … the first viewers is radiation oncologists in any respect levels in their careers. citizens and scholars may still locate this a really precious anatomical consultant. The authors are popular in radiation oncology and/or radiology. … this can be a important consultant for the lymph node anatomy of the main ailment web site regions." (James G. Douglas, Doody’s assessment carrier, July, 2009)
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Additional resources for A Guide for Delineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in Radiation Therapy
4) [60, 61]. The only difference is that some lymph node groups are further subdivided, specifically: •• Lymph nodes 12 (nodes of the hepatoduodenal ligament) are further subdivided into: –– 12a1 and 12a2, 12b1 and 12b2, 12p1 and 12p2 (where numbers 1 and 2 differentiate the lymph nodes into superior and inferior groups, respectively) •• Lymph nodes 13 (posterior pancreaticoduodenal) are further subdivided into: –– 13a (superior group) and 13b (inferior group) •• Lymph nodes 14 (nodes along the superior mesenteric artery) are further subdivided into: –– 14a: Nodes at the origin of the superior mesenteric artery –– 14b: Nodes at the origin of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery –– 14c: Nodes at the origin of the middle colic artery –– 14d: Nodes at the origin of the jejunal arteries •• Lymph nodes 17 (anterior pancreaticoduodenal) are further subdivided into: –– 17a (superior group) and 17b (inferior group) Fig.
87] also evaluated adequacy of CTV coverage in carcinoma of the uterine cervix obtained by the traditional box technique and, by means of an anatomical study on human cadavers, identified the aortic bifurcation and the position of the pelvic lymph nodes. 5 cm (15%) from the sacral promontory and that it is located at the level of the inferior edge of the L4 vertebra in 80% of cases. The Martinez-Monge cross-sectional nodal atlas illustrates location of the pelvic lymph node regions  without providing explicit definition of the boundaries of the various nodal regions.
The acquisition volume extends from the cricoid cartilage (upper limit) to the L2 vertebra (lower limit) . •• Upper abdominal region. The acquisition volume extends from a plane located 2 cm above the liver dome (upper limit) to the level of the iliac crests (lower limit). •• Pelvis. The upper limit has been established 1 cm cranial to the upper limit of the iliac crests, while the lower limit is located at the level of the ischio rectal fossae or, in case of rectal cancer infiltrating the anal canal, or cancer of the anal canal, or of the vulva and vaginal canal, at the level of the anal verge.
A Guide for Delineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in Radiation Therapy by Giampiero Ausili Cefaro, Carlos A. Perez, Domenico Genovesi, Annamaria Vinciguerra