By Stephen Chapman MB BS MRCS MRCP FRCR, Richard Nakielny MA BM BCh FRCR
This booklet offers a synoptic description of the sensible info of the way to hold out the typical tactics in imaging on which an exam candidate can be anticipated to be usual. It doesn't try to disguise rarer ideas past the scope of the examination or to teach the ensuing photos. each method is defined lower than a suite of normal headings (for instance: tools, symptoms, apparatus, sufferer instruction, method, aftercare, issues, additional reading).
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Additional resources for A Guide to Radiological Procedures
Radiol. 2 6 , 4 0 4 - 4 1 0 . 30. F. (1 980) Contrast media reactions: data analysis and hypothesis. Radiology 134,1-12. 3 1 . , Pitfield, J. & Britton, J. (1983) Contrast media and bronchospasm: a study with iopamidol. Clin. Radiol. 3 4 , 2 2 7 - 2 3 0 . 32. J. (1976) The vagus reaction as a possible cause of severe complications of radiological procedures. Radiology 3 4 , 2 2 7 - 2 3 0 . 33. Stanley, RJ. C. (1 976) Bradycardia and hypotension following use of intravenous contrast media. Radiology 1 2 1 , 5 - 7 .
U rticaria. 4. Angioneurotic oedema. Most commonly affects the face. May persist for up to 3 days and its onset may be delayed. 5. Rigors. 6. Necrotizing skin lesions. Rare and mostly in patients with pre-existing renal failure (particularly those with systemic lupus erythematosus). 7. Bronchospasm. Predisposed to by a history of asthma and concurrent therapy with β-blockers. In most patients the bronchospasm is subclinical. Bronchospasm is much less pronounced with LOCM than with H OCM. LOCM arc preferable in patients with asthma and these patients should also receive steroid prophylaxis.
Et al. (1989) Contrast nephrotoxicity: a randomized control trial of nonionic and ionic radiographic contrast agent. N. Engl. J. Med. 3 2 0 , 149-153. 1 9. Dawson, P. (1 985) Contrast agent nephrotoxicity. Br. J. Radiol. 5 8 , 1 21-1 24. 20. , et al. (1 989) Contrast nephrotoxicity. A randomised controlled trial of a non-ionic (iopamidol) and an ionic radiographic contrast agent (diatrizoate). N. Engl. J. Med. 3 2 0 , 1 4 9 - 1 5 3 . 2 1 . Kinnison, M l . R. P. (1 989) Results of radiologic controlled trials of low vs high osmolality contrast media.
A Guide to Radiological Procedures by Stephen Chapman MB BS MRCS MRCP FRCR, Richard Nakielny MA BM BCh FRCR