By Alan J. Southward, Craig M. Young, Lee A. Fuiman
Quantity forty three is an eclectic quantity with stories on ecology and biogeography of marine parasites; fecundity: features and position in life-history ideas of marine invertebrates; the ecology of Southern Ocean Pack-ice; and organic and distant sensing views of pigmentation in coral reef organisms. Advances in Marine Biology used to be first released in 1963. Now edited by means of A.J. Southward (Marine organic organization, UK), P.A. Tyler (Southampton Oceanography organization, UK), C.M. younger (Harbor department Oceanographic establishment, united states) and L.A. Fuiman (University of Texas, USA), the serial publishes in-depth and updated studies on a variety of issues in an effort to entice postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries technological know-how, ecology, zoology, oceanography. Eclectic volumes within the sequence are supplemented via thematic volumes on such issues as The Biology of Calanoid Copepods . Key positive factors * AMB first released 1963 * This quantity provides a variety of reports at the biology of lesser-known taxa of the phylum Mollusca, together with: * The in most cases diminutive protobranch bivalves * The slug-like shelled opisthobranchs * The hugely really good and evolutionarily complex tusk shells * the attractive, precious, but frustratingly hard-to-collect slit shells
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They found distinct differences in parasite communities between archipelagos. Grutter (1994) found little variation in ectoparasite composition and abundance among local sites, even if they varied physically. Nevertheless, abundance with a particular monogenean infecting Hemigymnus rnelapterus differed between the reef flat and the reef slope (Grutter, 1998). Bush and Kennedy (1994) discussed the likelihood of parasites becoming extinct due to host fragmentation induced by man in the absence of host extinction.
Sasal et al. (1999a) studied communities of digenean endoparasites of 11 species of sparid and 7 species of labrid fishes in the Mediterranean and found a lack of niche saturation: "there was little inter- and/or intraspecific competition or there were enough available space and resources within the host". Zander et al. (1999a) contradict the concept of "empty niche" because they "understand the niche as a dynamic system that can be either narrow due to the existence and influence of competitors or wide due to their 26 KLAUS ROHDE A •~.
They cite the work of Lauckner (1984) on parasite effects on North Sea snails. Lauckner (1984) gave a thorough account of the effect of larval trematodes on the shell sizes of marine snails: uninfected snails showed a unimodal and normal distribution in shell sizes, the overall population (including uninfected and infected snails), depending on the locality, was either multimodal or highly skewed. Poulin and Thomas further point out that selection can become "myopic" when environmental effects on phenotypes are strong.
Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 43 by Alan J. Southward, Craig M. Young, Lee A. Fuiman