Download PDF by Stephan R. Epstein: An Island for Itself: Economic Development and Social Change

By Stephan R. Epstein

ISBN-10: 0511523157

ISBN-13: 9780511523151

ISBN-10: 0521385180

ISBN-13: 9780521385183

ISBN-10: 0521525071

ISBN-13: 9780521525077

This research of overdue medieval Sicily develops a critique of theories of dependence via exchange, and a brand new interpretation of the overdue medieval economic climate. It therefore addresses present debates at the origins of recent Italian financial dualism, and at the transition from feudalism to capitalism in early smooth Europe. Dr Epstein argues that monetary improvement in this interval used to be formed mostly by means of nearby political and institutional constructions which regulated entry to markets. Following the Black dying, many institutional and social constraints on commercialization have been cozy all through western Europe due to social clash and demographic switch. Peasants turned extra commercialized; financial development happened via nearby integration and specialization. The Sicilian economic climate additionally accelerated and have become more and more export-oriented. even supposing just a small share of its output used to be shipped out of the country sooner than 1500. past due medieval Sicily is hence proven to were neither underdeveloped nor depending on international manufactures and exchange.

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Extra resources for An Island for Itself: Economic Development and Social Change in Late Medieval Sicily (Past and Present Publications)

Sample text

5; below, chapter 3, n. 70. Less than four per cent (1,000km2) of contemporary Sicily is wooded (Milone, L'Italia, p. 965). Alicudi<9 TYRRHENIAN 38°N SEA Levanzo HAIarettimo Favignana EGADI IS Marsala MEDITERRANEAN SEA 37°N f.... 1 Geographic divisions of Sicily SalinaC^J EOLIAN or LIPARI IS Lipari VulcanoR) Regional differentiation 29 Termini, woodland and thick scrub still existed in the late twelfth century,8 and probably expanded during the period of demographic decline in the fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries.

Studies in English internal trade in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, p. 50. 18 An island for itself local ecclesiastical, feudal or urban jurisdictions. With the exception of some notable ecclesiastical archives {tabulari) that can provide valuable information on local communities, particularly for the fourteenth century,58 both private and public documentation at the local level is remarkably scarce. Notarial records, as remarked above, survive mainly for Palermo and for a few other western Sicilian communities (Monte San Giuliano, Trapani, Termini, Corleone); thefirstsurviving records from eastern Sicilian notaries date from the mid-fifteenth century (Catania, Syracuse, Noto, Randazzo, Messina).

The circumstantial evidence for assuming an average quota of three tarl per hearth is as follows. To begin with, we can assume that the average official quota in 1277 and 1283 was similar, although in 1283 the tax may have been exacted more efficiently. 24 The allocations of 1277 and 1283, which are both multiples of three, suggest this also. 15 tarl (that is, half an augustale) by former sovereigns; Martino reduced this further to three tarl. 25 Since no major fiscal reform was apparently undertaken before the mid-fifteenth century, it seems plausible that the late fourteenth- and fifteenthcentury quotas harked back to a long tradition.

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An Island for Itself: Economic Development and Social Change in Late Medieval Sicily (Past and Present Publications) by Stephan R. Epstein


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